Imran Khan, fully Imran Ahmad Khan Niazi, (born 5 October 1952, Lahore, Pakistan), Pakistani cricketer, politician, philanthropist and Prime Minister of Pakistan (2018–) who led the Pakistan national team to become a national hero ۔ He entered politics in 1992 after winning the Cricket World Cup and later in Pakistan as a critic of government corruption.
Early life and cricket career.
Khan was born into a wealthy Pashtun family in Lahore and attended elite schools in Pakistan and the United Kingdom, including the Royal Grammar School in Worcester and Aitchison College in Lahore. His family consisted of many successful cricketers, including two older uncles, Javed Burki and Majid Khan, both of whom served as captains of the Pakistani national team. Imran Khan played cricket in Pakistan and the UK as a teenager and continued to play while studying philosophy, politics and economics at Oxford University. Khan played his first match for the Pakistan national team in 1971, but did not take a permanent place in the team until he graduated from Oxford in 1976.
By the early 1980s, Khan had distinguished himself as an exceptional bowler and all-rounder, and was named captain of the Pakistan team in 1982. London nightclubs provided fodder for the British tabloid press. Khan achieved his greatest athletic achievement in 1992 when he led the Pakistani team to their first World Cup title by defeating England in the final. He retired the same year and became one of the greatest cricketers in history.
After 1992, Khan remained in the public eye as a philanthropist. He experienced religious awakening, embracing Sufi mysticism and tearing down his first playboy image. In one of his philanthropic endeavors, Khan served as the primary fundraiser for the Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital, a specialized cancer hospital in Lahore, which opened in 1994. The hospital was named after Khan’s mother, who died of cancer in 1985.
After retiring from cricket, Khan became an outspoken critic of government mismanagement and corruption in Pakistan. He founded his political party, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) in 1996. In next year’s national elections, the newly formed party won less than 1% of the vote and failed to win a seat in the National Assembly, but in the 2002 election it did slightly better, winning one seat. Filled out Khan said vote rigging was responsible for his party’s low turnout. In October 2007, Khan was part of a group of politicians who resigned from the National Assembly in protest against the president. Pervez Musharraf’s next presidential candidate, Khan, was briefly imprisoned in November during a crackdown on Musharraf’s critics, who declared a state of emergency. The PTI condemned the state of emergency, which ended in mid-December, and boycotted the 2008 national elections against Musharraf’s rule.
Despite the PTI’s struggle in the elections, Khan’s public positions were supported, especially by the youth. He continued his criticism of corruption and economic inequality in Pakistan and opposed the Pakistani government’s cooperation with the United States in fighting militants near the Afghan border. He also launched a wide-ranging campaign against Pakistan’s political and economic elites, who he accused of being Western and deviating from Pakistan’s religious and cultural norms.
Khan’s writings include Warrior Race: A Journal through the Land of the Tribal Pathans (1993) and Pakistan: A Personal History (2011).
In the months leading up to the legislative elections in early 2013, Khan and his party rallied in large numbers and gained the support of many experienced politicians from Pakistan’s established parties. Further evidence of Khan’s growing political fortunes emerged in a 2012 referendum in which he was named Pakistan’s most popular political figure.
A few days before the May 2013 legislative elections, Khan fell from a platform at an election rally, injuring his head and back. He appeared on television from his hospital bed to make a final appeal to voters. The election has so far won the largest number of PTI seats, but the party, led by Nawaz Sharif, won less than half of the seats won by the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N). He and other opposition leaders led four months of protests in late 2014 to pressure Sharif to step down after his calls for an investigation were not met. To be inserted
The protest failed to oust Sharif, but when the Panama Papers linked his family to an offshore holding, suspicions of corruption grew. Khan organized a new wave of protests in late 2016 but withdrew at the last minute after the Supreme Court agreed to launch an investigation. Investigations disqualified Sharif from holding public office in 2017, and he was forced to resign. Meanwhile, it was also revealed about Khan that he has offshore holdings, but, in a separate case, the Supreme Court did not disqualify him.
Elections were held in July 2018 next year. Khan ran on a platform to fight corruption and poverty, even fighting allegations that he was too comfortable with the military establishment. The PTI won a large number of seats in the National Assembly, allowing Khan to form an alliance with independent members of parliament. He became prime minister on August 18.
As prime minister, Khan faced a growing pay crisis. Although the economy was booming, imports and credit promises were skyrocketing in recent years, especially due to the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) initiative. In just a few weeks of his term as prime minister, the crisis escalated when the United States cut off a 300 300 million pledge of military aid, saying Pakistan had done little to stop terrorism. Khan first sought foreign aid from “friendly countries”. As a dozen previous International Monetary Fund (IMF) packages have failed to address Pakistan’s major economic problems, their avoidance of an IMF bailout reflects popular fatigue with the IMF. ۔ After failing to obtain foreign aid from other countries on favorable terms, however, Pakistan applied for an emergency loan from the IMF. It continued to receive foreign aid from other sources and later received investment promises from China, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
In addition to foreign aid, Khan oversaw several important developments in Pakistan’s foreign relations. The country successfully led the Taliban in negotiations with the United States, and improved relations with the country and with neighboring Afghanistan. In February 2019, in a show of strength against militants in Kashmir, who recently carried out a suicide attack that killed 40 Indian security personnel, India launched an air strike in Pakistan for the first time in five decades. This raised fears of a new conflict between the two countries. Two countries. Pakistan mitigated the effects and appeared to avoid escalating the situation. When India re-entered Pakistan’s airspace, Pakistan shot down two fighter jets and captured one pilot, but soon returned the pilot to India. Following the incident, Khan cracked down on militants, issued arrests, closed a number of religious schools and promised to update existing laws to reflect international standards.
The COVID-19 epidemic, which began in early 2020, exacerbated the country’s economic woes. Regarding his critics, Khan was slow to confirm the lockdown. In contrast, the provincial government in Sindh, controlled by an opposition party, was quick to impose a severe lockdown in March. Khan finally imposed a nationwide lockdown in April. In May, his government began restricting lockdowns to areas with high infection rates.
Khan, meanwhile, faced opposition from both his crackdown on militants and his close ties to the military establishment. In late 2020, the main opposition parties formed an alliance, the People’s Democratic Movement (PDM), which aims to increase the independence of the civilian government from the military establishment. Protests and rallies organized by the PDM accused Khan of being a puppet of the army and demanded his resignation. In March 2021, these parties boycotted the vote of confidence in Khan’s government, which was fed up with the support of its allied partners.