Professionalization is a social process. By which any trade or occupation transforms itself into a true “profession of the highest integrity and competence. The definition of what constitutes a profession is often contested. Professionalization tends to result in establishing acceptable qualifications. One or more professional associations recommend best practices and oversee the conduct of members of the profession. And some degree of demarcation of the qualified from unqualified amateurs (that is, professional certification). It is also likely to create “occupational closure”, closing the profession to entry from outsiders, amateurs, and the unqualified. Course Code 8612 Solved Assignment Spring 2022
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Professionalism in Teaching (8612) B.Ed Spring & Autumn 2022-Solved Assignments
Occupations not fully professionalized are sometimes called semi professions. Critique of professionalization views overzealous versions driven by perverse incentives (essentially, a modern analog of the negative aspects of guilds) as a form of credential. Course Code 8612 Solved Assignment Spring 2022
The process of professionalization creates “a hierarchical divide between the knowledge-authorities in the professions and a deferential citizenry.” This demarcation is often termed “occupational closure”, as it means that the profession then becomes closed to entry from outsiders, amateurs, and the unqualified: a stratified occupation “defined by professional demarcation and grade. The origin of this process is said to have been with guilds during the Middle Ages when they fought for exclusive rights to practice their trades as journeymen and to engage unpaid apprentices.
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It has also called credentialism, reliance on formal qualifications or certifications to determine whether someone permit to undertake a task or to speak as an expert. It has also define as excessive reliance on credentials, especially academic degrees, in determining hiring or promotion policies. But it has further defined as where the credentials for a job or a position are upgrade, even though, there is no skill change that makes this increase necessary.
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